Beijing (Peking) is one of the great cities of the world and famous for its long history and splendid culture. It has been the capital for the last 700 years and is the second largest city in China. Its long history has endowed the city with countless historic and scenic spots. Beijing is filled with great monuments, palaces, temples and reminders of the past glory of imperial China. Situated in the northeast of China, it is the center of national politics and culture and the hub for international communication.